What is SEND?

Children and young people with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND) all have learning difficulties or disabilities that make it harder for them to learn than most children and young people of the same age. These children and young people may need extra or different help from that given to others.

Many children and young people will have SEN of some kind at some time during their education. Early years providers (for example, nurseries or childminders), mainstream schools, colleges and other organisations can help most children and young people succeed with some changes to their practice or additional support, but some children and young people will need extra help for some or all of their time in education and training. Children and young people with SEN may need extra help because of a range of needs. The 0-25 SEND Code of Practice sets out four areas of SEN where children may need support:

Communicating and interacting – for example, where children and young people have speech, language and communication difficulties which make it difficult for them to make sense of language or to understand how to communicate effectively and appropriately with others.

Cognition and learning – for example, where children and young people learn at a slower pace than others their age, have difficulty in understanding parts of the curriculum, have difficulties with organisation and memory skills, or have a specific difficulty affecting one particular part of their learning performance such as in literacy or numeracy.

Social, emotional and mental health difficulties – for example, where children and young people have difficulty in managing their relationships with other people, are 8 withdrawn, or if they behave in ways that may hinder their and other children’s learning, or that have an impact on their health and wellbeing.

Sensory and/or physical needs – for example, children and young people with visual and/or hearing impairments, or a physical need that means they must have additional ongoing support and equipment Some children and young people may have SEN that covers more than one of these areas.

How do we support SEN in our school?

NCEA Warkworth C of E Primary is a fully inclusive school which provides quality education for primary-age children of all abilities in line with the Local Offer established by Northumberland County Council to support those with additional needs across education, health and care.

In school we use a variety of different ways to assess whether a child or young person has special educational needs. Some of these ways include:

  • Observations
  • School based test results
  • Information from parents and carers
  • Information from the child or young person
  • Specialised assessments carried out by members of the support services
  • Information from previous schools or settings
  • Results from end of key stage assessments
  • Discussions with adults who work with the child or young person

Once a child or young person is identified as having a special educational need, a graduated approach to support is taken. The child or young person’s needs will first be assessed, then support will be planned, carried out and then reviewed. At the review, any necessary changes will be made.

You can view our SEN and Accessibility policies on the Policy section of our website.

Monitoring SEND pupils’ progress

All pupils in school have individual targets that are regularly reviewed. This helps the school to monitor the impact of interventions that we are using within school. The progress each child is making is discussed at pupil progress meetings with the class teacher and head teacher and then we will communicate this information to parents during parents’ meetings.

Our school has an open-door policy to parents ensuring we are always approachable so parents feel involved in the education of their child. In addition, our school aims to regularly involve parents in the education of their child through a variety of different ways including:

  • Regular meetings with SENCO, class teacher and support staff
  • Target setting at parents’ evenings, so parents/carers can see what their child is working on next
  • Regular school newsletters to inform parents of what will be going on during the term
  • Facebook and Class Dojo that provides weekly updates for all parents from Nursery to Year 4
  • Home reading records
  • Information on the school website
  • Parents’ evenings
  • Class workshops/ training for parents/carers
  • Parent/carer drop-ins/ themed activities and events
  • Further information on parents’ groups.

For further information on Special Educational Needs: please contact Mrs Pam Coils (SENCO) or Mrs Laura Ritson (Headteacher).